LIVE BLOG: 'Our future is greater than our past' - Ramaphosa

President Cyril Ramaphosa delivers his third State of the Nation Address, which convenes SA's 6th Parliament

WATCH LIVE: EWN brings you the State of the Nation Address 2019.

DA MP Natasha Mazzone - "I must say I am disappointed. I don't like to be told that I should dream."

Cope President Mosiuoa Lekota also believes some of Ramaphosa's promises are just a dream.

"Implementation of what the president has said is what is important. We as a party will be monitoring," says ANC SG Ace Magashule.

"None of the things he is saying here, he is meaning them," Julius Malema tells the SABC. He says Ramaphosa is dreaming.

Here are few reactions from the public...

All done, hitch and interruption free.

Opposition MPs will now give their reactions.

Ramaphosa ends with a poem...

"As we enter this new era, let us take to heart the words of Ben Okri, when he says:


Will you be at the harvest,

Among the gatherers of new fruits?

Then you must begin today to remake

Your mental and spiritual world,

And join the warriors and celebrants

Of freedom, realizers of great dreams.

You can’t remake the world

Without remaking yourself.

Each new era begins within.

It is an inward event,

With unsuspected possibilities

For inner liberation.

We could use it to turn on

Our inward lights.

We could use it to use even the dark

And negative things positively.

We could use the new era

To clean our eyes,

To see the world differently,

To see ourselves more clearly.

Only free people can make a free world.

Infect the world with your light.

Help fulfill the golden prophecies.

Press forward the human genius.

Our future is greater than our past.


I thank you."

"Working together there is nothing we cannot be, nothing we cannot do, and nothing we cannot achieve.

It is you who give me courage, and to whom I offer courage in return.

"I am hopeful because I have walked with the people of this country – the nurses and health care workers, our men and women in uniform, the teachers in our schools, the students who despite their family’s hardship are determined to succeed, and the youth who are trying to start their own businesses, to invent and create, and to rise above their circumstances."

Though we may have faltered, we have not forgotten who we are, and what we stand for.


We are still that nation.

"We are the South African nation that with its Constitution gives hope to the hopeless, rights to the dispossessed and marginalised, and comfort and security to its men, women and children."

I would like to invite South Africans to begin imaging this prospect.

"Has the time not arrived to build a new smart city founded on the technologies of the 4th Industrial Revolution? "

"Has the time not arrived for us to be bold and reach beyond ourselves and do what may seem impossible?

The cities of Johannesburg, Tshwane, Cape Town and Ethekwini are running out of space to accommodate all those who throng to the cities.

"Seventy five percent of South Africans are going to be living in the urban areas by 2030."

"This is a dream we can all share and participate in building. We have not built a new city in 25 years of democracy."

"This dream has been fueled by my conversations with four people: Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Dr Naledi Pandor, Ms Jessie Duarte and President Xi Jinping, whose account of how China is building a new Beijing has helped to consolidate my dream."

I dream of a South Africa where the first entirely new city built in the democratic era rises, with skyscrapers, schools, universities, hospitals and factories.

"We must be a country that can feed itself and that harnesses the latest advances in smart agriculture.

We want a South Africa that doesn’t simply export its raw materials but has become a manufacturing hub for key components used in electronics, in automobiles and in computers.


We want a South Africa with a high-tech economy where advances in e-health, robotics and remote medicine are applied as we roll out the National Health Insurance.


We should imagine a country where bullet trains pass through Johannesburg as they travel from here to Musina, and they stop in Buffalo City on their way from Ethekwini back here.


"We want a South Africa that has prioritised its rail networks, and is producing high-speed trains connecting our megacities and the remotest areas of our country.

"We want a South Africa wherein all enjoy comfort and prosperity.


But we also want a South Africa where we stretch our capacities to the fullest as we advance along the superhighway of progress.

It is upon the conduct of each that the fate of all depends.


If we are to reinvigorate the implementation of the National Development Plan, we must cast our sights on the broadest of horizons.

We look to the parties in this Parliament to be a vital part of this partnership, lending support, insights and effort to promoting the national interest.


This social compact requires a contribution from everyone.


It will also need sacrifices and trade-offs.

Civil society needs to continue to play its role in holding government to account but must also join us in practical actions to attain our common goals.


"We agree that labour should advance the interests of workers while, at the same time, promoting the sustainability of businesses and the creation of jobs."

"We would like business to consider the country’s national strategic objectives and social considerations in their decisions and actions.

"Government must create an enabling environment, use public resources wisely and invest in developing the country’s human potential."

"If we are to achieve the South Africa we want, we need a new social compact. We need to forge durable partnerships between government, business, labour, communities and civil society.

"We will use our membership of the UN Security Council to promote the peaceful resolution of disputes particularly on the African countries."

We renew our determination to work in concert with the international community to preserve and protect the rules-based multilateral system with the United Nations at its head.

"South Africa will continue to play an active role in international relations in the quest for global peace and security, people-centred development and prosperity for all."

We expect that the new SIU Special Tribunal will start its work within the next few months to fast rack civil claims arising from SIU investigations, which are currently estimated to be around R14.7 billion.

"We need to ensure that public money stolen is returned and used to deliver services and much needed basic infrastructure to the poorest communities."


"We have asked the National Director of Public Prosecutions to develop a plan to significantly increase the capacity and effectiveness of the NPA, including to ensure effective asset forfeiture.


The decisive steps we have taken to end state capture and fight corruption, including measures to strengthen the NPA, SIU, SARS and State Security, are achieving important results.

"We want a corps of skilled and professional public servants of the highest moral standards – and dedicated to the public good.

We are committed to building an ethical state in which there is no place for corruption, patronage, rent-seeking and plundering of public money.

We will build on the work we have already begun to address problems of poor governance, inefficiency and financial sustainability.

Through the Council, we will work with the leadership of SOEs to develop a legal and regulatory environment that promotes innovation and agility and enhances their competitiveness. 

Through the Presidential SOE Council, government intends to create alignment between all state-owned companies and to better define their respective mandates.

"To ensure that the state is able to effectively enable economic and social development, it is essential that we strengthen our state-owned enterprises."

We will be adopting a district-based approach – focusing on the 44 districts and 8 metros – to speed up service delivery, ensuring that municipalities are properly supported and adequately resourced.

This is the start of a wider process of arresting the decline in state capacity and restructuring our model of service delivery so it best serves our citizens.

"Our decision was premised on efficiency, cost-containment, cooperative governance and strategic alignment."

Earlier this month we announced the reconfiguration of a number of government departments to enable them to deliver on their mandates.

"We are stepping up the fight against drug syndicates through the implementation of the National Anti-Gang Strategy and the revised National Drug Master Plan."

"We are capacitating and equipping the police and court system to support survivors of gender-based violence."

Following intensive consultations and engagements, we are working towards the establishment of the Gender Based Violence and Femicide Council and a National Strategic Plan that will guide all of us, wherever we are, in our efforts to eradicate this national scourge.

"Violent crime is a societal problem that requires a society-wide response.


We are working with civil society organisations on strategies to end gender based violence and femicide."

"We are working to improve success rates in investigating and prosecuting crimes, and to ensure better training and professionalisation throughout the criminal justice system."

"Currently, there are over 5,000 students registered for basic training in our police training colleges and we envisage that this number will be increased to 7,000 per cycle over the next two intakes.

The first step is to increase police visibility by employing more policewomen and men, and to create a more active role for citizens through effective community policing forums.

"Let us therefore work together to ensure that violent crime is at least halved over the next decade.

"Honourable Members, the South Africa we want is a country where all people are safe and feel safe.

"We also have to prepare our young people for the jobs of the future.


This is why we are introducing subjects like coding and data analytics at a primary school level.

"This forms part of the broader efforts to strengthen the basic education system by empowering school leadership teams, improving the capabilities of teachers and ensuring a more consistent measurement of progress for grades 3, 6 and 9.


"We are implementing the Early Grade Reading Programme, which consists of an integrated package of lesson plans, additional reading materials and professional support to Foundation Phase teachers.


"All foundation and intermediate phase teachers are to be trained to teach reading in English and the African languages, and we are training and deploying a cohort of experienced coaches to provide high quality on-site support to teachers."


"All other interventions – from the work being done to improve the quality of basic education to the provision of free higher education for the poor, from our investment in TVET colleges to the expansion of workplace learning – will not produce the results we need unless we first ensure that children can read.


"Early reading is the basic foundation that determines a child’s educational progress, through school, through higher education and into the work place.

"If we are to ensure that within the next decade, every 10-year-old will be able to read for meaning, we will need to mobilise the entire nation behind a massive reading campaign."

"We are going to roll out out small business incubation centres to provide youth-driven start-ups with financial and technical advice as they begin their journeys.

"We will expand our programmes to enable young people to gain paid workplace experience through initiatives like the Youth Employment Service, and also facilitating work-based internships for graduates of technical and vocational programmes."

"We will expand the National Youth Service to take on 50,000 young people a year. Government will support tech-enabled platforms for self-employed youth in rural areas and townships."


Government will also ensure that young people are employed in social economy jobs such as early childhood development and health care.

"These sectors include global business processing services, agricultural value chains, technical installation, repair and maintenance and new opportunities provided through the digital economy and the fourth industrial revolution."

We will continue to develop programmes to ensure that economically excluded young people are work ready and absorbed into sectors where ‘jobs demand’ is growing.

"Government will continue to provide employment through the Expanded Public Works Programme, especially in labour intensive areas like maintenance, clearing vegetation, plugging water leaks and constructing roads.

"They make sure that youth from poorer households – and youn women in particular – are empowered to take up the new opportunities.

"These are networks that allow young people who opt in increased visibility, network support and opportunities to signal their availability for jobs and self-employment."

We are already working with the private sector to create pathways into work for young people through scaling up existing pathway management networks.

"This plan will work across government departments and all three tiers of government, in partnership with the private sector."

"It is therefore essential that we proceed without delay to implement a comprehensive plan – driven and coordinated from the Presidency – to create no fewer than two million new jobs for young people within the next decade."

"The brutal reality is that when it comes to youth unemployment, we have to run just to remain in the same place."

And because more young people are entering the labour force every year, the economy needs to create far more jobs for youth than it currently does merely to keep the youth unemployment rate steady.

"Fellow South Africans, the growth of our economy will have little value unless it creates employment on a far greater scale."


"The fact that the unemployment rate among young South Africans is more than 50% is a national crisis that demands urgent, innovative and coordinated solutions."

"In the stimulus and recovery package announced last year, we promised to prioritise funding for emerging farmers.


Over the medium term budget period, R3.9 billion has been allocated to the Land Bank to support black commercial farmers.


"The panel’s recommendations will inform the finalisation of a comprehensive, far-reaching and transformative land reform programme.


In the immediate term, government will accelerate efforts to identify and release public land that is suitable for smart, urban settlements and for farming.

"We have received the report of the Presidential Advisory Panel on Land Reform and Agriculture, which will now be presented to Cabinet for consideration.

"Faster economic growth also requires accelerated land reform in rural and urban areas and a clear property rights regime."

We must increase the contribution of renewable and clean energy to our national energy mix and explore the potential of the hydrogen economy.

We have the opportunity to be at the forefront of green growth, of low-carbon industrialisation, of pioneering new technologies and of taking quantum leaps towards the economy of the future.

"Working in partnership with the private sector, labour and the international community we will step up our adaptation and mitigation efforts."

"Guided by the NDP, it is our responsibility to pursue inclusive, sustainable development that is resilient in the face of climate change.

"We will continue to reduce the cost of doing business by reducing port export tariffs, pursuing lowest cost electricity generation options, and making rail transport more competitive and efficient."

We must reach a point where no company need wait more than six months for a permit or licence and new companies should be able to be registered within a day.

"If we are to be internationally competitive, if we are to attract investment, we must address the high cost of doing business and complicated and lengthy regulatory processes.

Our Constitution also requires that there should be regular consultation between the Reserve Bank and the Minister of Finance to promote macroeconomic coordination, all in the interests of employment creation and economic growth.

Today we reaffirm this constitutional mandate, which the Reserve Bank must pursue independently, without fear, favour or prejudice.

For these reasons, our Constitution mandates the South African Reserve Bank to protect the value of our currency in the interest of balanced and sustainable growth.

"Inflation further undermines the competitiveness of our exports and our import-competing firms, putting industries and jobs at risk."

"Price stability is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for economic growth. Rising prices of goods and services erode the purchasing power of all South Africans, but especially that of the poor."

The South African Reserve Bank is a critical institution of our democracy, enjoying wide credibility and standing within the country and internationally.

"We are committed to prudent borrowing and stringent expenditure management to stabilise our public finances and lower the debt trajectory."

These measures are underpinned by our strong commitment to a macroeconomic and fiscal policy framework that will continue to boost confidence and investment.

At the same time, we will promote our products more actively to the rest of the African continent and the world.

"Within this next year, we seek to conclude agreements with retailers to stock more South African goods on their shelves and to actively promote the great products made by South African hands.

"Let us all buy locally-made goods to drive up demand in our economy."


"The suit, the shirt and the tie I am wearing today was locally made by South African textile workers working at the House of Monatic here in Saltriver Cape Town."

We call on all South Africans to deliberately and consistently buy locally-made goods.

"This will provide a much-need boost to the construction sector. We will stimulate local demand and grow South African manufacturing by making sure the ‘Buy Local’ campaign is everywhere and ever-present."

These reforms will ensure better planning of infrastructure projects, rigorous feasibility and preparatory work, improved strategic management, impeccable execution and better governance.

"We have been doing this in consultation with private investors, such as pension funds, who are enthusiastic about participating in the Infrastructure fund."

"We are working to institutionalise the fund, which will be managed by the Development Bank of Southern Africa, with the newly configured Department of Public Works and Infrastructure playing an oversight role.

"Our new approach to infrastructure development is based on stronger partnerships between the public and private sectors, and with local communities."

"Infrastructure is a critical area of investment that supports structural transformation, growth and job creation. It is essential to our economic rejuvenation, to giving meaning and effect to our new dawn.

We are urgently working on a set of priority reforms to improve the ease of doing business by consolidating and streamlining regulatory processes, automating permit and other applications, and reducing the cost of compliance.

"In discussions with business, government has committed to remove the policy impediments and accelerate implementation of these projects."

The private sector has committed to invest R840 billion in 43 projects over 19 sectors and creating 155,000 jobs in the next five years.

Good progress has been made through the Public-Private Growth Initiative, which is being championed by Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, Mr Roelf Meyer and Dr Johan van Zyl.


This includes reviewing the way Government coordinates work to resolve challenges faced by investors and reforming our investment promotion policy and architecture.

"From their feedback, it is clear that much more still needs to be done to improve the investment climate."

"At a time of uncertainty, the work of the investment envoys has built important bridges between government and the business community."

"We continue to build a pipeline of investments, which will be showcased at the second South African Investment Conference to be held on 5 to 7 November.


"We are intensifying our investment drive. Of the R300 billion of investments announced at our inaugural Investment Conference last year, just over R250 billion worth of projects have entered the implementation phase."

We call on the telecommunications industry further to bring down the cost of data so that it is in line with other countries in the world.


This is a vital part of bringing down the costs of data, which is essential both for economic development and for unleashing opportunities for young people.

This process will include measures to promote competition, transformation, inclusive growth of the sector and universal access.

"To provide impetus to this process, within the next month, the Minister of Communications will issue the policy direction to ICASA to commence the spectrum licensing process.

We will expand our high tech industry by ensuring that the legal and regulatory framework promotes innovation, scaling up skills development for young people in new technologies, and reducing data costs. Wherever we have gone young people have continuously raised the issue of the excessive high data costs in South Africa.

"We are determined to ensure that tourists who come to our country are safe."

"We will make good on our ambition to more than double international tourist arrivals to 21 million by 2030. This will be achieved through the renewal of the country’s brand, introducing a world-class visa regime and a significant focus on Chinese and Indian markets and air arrivals from the rest of our continent.

We are going to substantially expand the agriculture and agro-processing sector by supporting key value chains and products, developing new markets and reducing our reliance on agricultural imports.

Drawing on our successes in the automotive sector, we will implement master plans developed with business and labour in industries like clothing and textiles, gas, chemicals and plastics, renewables, and steel and metals fabrication sectors.

"We will give priority attention to the economic sectors that have the greatest potential for growth.

It requires the state to effectively play its role as an enabler that provides basic services and critical infrastructure, a regulator that sets rules that create equitable opportunities for all players, and a redistributor that ensures that the most vulnerable in society are protected and given a chance to live up to their full potential.

This requires us to reimagine our industrial strategy, to unleash private investment and energise the state to boost economic inclusion.

"Fellow South Africans, to meet our growth targets, we will rebuild the foundations of our economy by revitalising and expanding the productive sectors."

"The days of boycotting payment are over. This is now the time to build. It is the time for all of us to make our own contribution."

"Failure to pay endangers our entire electricity supply, our economy and our efforts to create jobs."

"Eskom is working with government and other stakeholders to address its overall debt as well the debt owed by municipalities and individual users. As a country, we must assert the principle that those who use electricity must pay for it."

"We will soon also be appointing a Chief Restructuring Officer, who will be expected to reposition Eskom financially with careful attention to the mix between revenue, debt and cost structure of the company.'

"We will announce the appointment of a new CEO following the Mr Phakamani Hadebe stepping down. He came in at a difficult time at ESKOM and has done a great deal with the board led by Mr Jabu Mabuza to stabilize the company. "

"This we must do because Eskom is to vital to our economy. Eskom cannot be allowed to fail."

"We will therefore table a Special Appropriation Bill on an urgent basis to allocate a significant portion of the R230 billion fiscal support that Eskom will require over the next 10 years in the early years."

"For Eskom to default on its loans will cause a cross-default on its remaining debt and would have a huge impact on the already constrained fiscus."

"With the current committed funding from government, outlined in the 2019 Budget, Eskom has sufficient cash to meet its obligations until the end of October 2019."

"The utility’s financial position remains a matter of grave concern.

"In line with the recommendations of both the Eskom Sustainability Task Team and the Technical Review Team, Eskom is deploying its most skilled and experienced personnel to where they are needed most.

Since the load shedding earlier this year, Eskom has made much progress in implementing its nine-point plan, ensuring better maintenance of its generation fleet, reducing costs and ensuring adequate reserves of coal.

"The lesson is clear: for growth, we need a reliable and sustainable supply of electricity. Eskom is facing serious financial, operational and structural problems."

One reason for the lacklustre economic performance has been the load shedding early this year, together with the continued uncertainty in the supply of electricity and the state of Eskom.


"Following the sharp contraction in growth in the first quarter, the Reserve Bank now projects that growth in 2019 is likely to be lower than anticipated in the February Budget.

It is only when we reach consistently high rates of growth that we will be able to reverse the economic damage of our past.

"We cannot turn our fortunes around without a relentless focus on economic growth. Within the next decade, it is our ambition that our economy should be growing at a rate far greater than our population."

"The National Minimum Wage Commission is expected to conclude research on the impact of the minimum wage on employment, poverty, inequality and wage differentials by the end of September 2019.

To address the problems of the working poor, the national minimum wage has been in place for six months and the early indications are that many companies are complying.

"We have revived the Presidential Working Group on Disability, and will submit the Protocol on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Africa to Parliament this year for ratification."

In responding to these challenges, we have moved the coordination of disability initiatives to the centre of government, in the Presidency.

"It is therefore a matter of great concern that there are around half a million children of school-going age with disabilities who are not in school."

"If we are to successfully address the challenge of poverty across society, we need to provide skills and create economic opportunities for persons with disabilities.

"We will intensify our work to implement the 90-90-90 strategy to end HIV as a public health threat, which includes increasing the number of people on treatment by at least another 2 million by December 2020.

"We remain concerned about rising HIV infections rates, particularly among young women, and the relatively low numbers of men testing for HIV and starting treatment."

"We are far advanced in revising the NHI detailed plan of implementation, including accelerating quality of care initiatives in public facilities, building human resource capacity, establishment of the NHI Fund structure, and costing the administration of the NHI Fund."

As part of the work we must urgently do to improve the quality of the health system, we are finalising the Presidential Health Summit Compact, which draws on the insights and will mobilise the capabilities of all key stakeholders to address the crisis in our clinics and hospitals.


"An ill patient cannot be turned away because there is a shortage of doctors and nurses. A woman in labour cannot have her unborn child’s life put in danger because the ambulance has taken too long to come."

To improve the quality of life of South Africans, to reduce poverty in all its dimensions and to strengthen our economy, we will attend to the health of our people.

In the next five years, we will accelerate the provision of well-located housing and land to poor South Africans.

"While we have made great progress in providing housing, many South Africans still need land to build homes and earn livelihoods."

"It means we must improve the affordability, safety and integration of commuter transport for low income households."

In addition to creating employment and other economic opportunities, this means that we must strengthen the social wage and reduce the cost of living.

"We set these ambitious goals not despite the severe difficulties of the present, but because of them.

We set these goals so that the decisions we take now are bolder and we act with greater urgency.

"Let us make these commitments now – to ourselves and to each other – knowing that they will stretch our resources and capabilities, but understanding that if we achieve these five goals, we will have fundamentally transformed our society."

"Let us agree, as a nation and as a people united in our aspirations, that within the next 10 years we will have made progress in tackling poverty, inequality and unemployment, where:


- No person in South Africa will go hungry.


- Our economy will grow at a much faster rate than our population.


- Two million more young people will be in employment.


- Our schools will have better educational outcomes and every 10-year-old will be able to read for meaning.


- Violent crime will be halved."

To ensure that our efforts are directed, I am suggesting that, within the priorities of this administration, we agree on five fundamental goals for the next decade.

As we enter the last decade of Vision 2030, let us even more clearly define the South Africa we want and agree on the concrete actions we need to achieve them.

As South Africa enters the next 25 years of democracy, and in pursuit of the objectives of the NDP, let us proclaim a bold and ambitious goal, a unifying purpose, to which we dedicate all our resources and energies.

"As South Africa enters the next 25 years of democracy, and in pursuit of the objectives of the NDP, let us proclaim a bold and ambitious goal, a unifying purpose, to which we dedicate all our resources and energies."

"At the inauguration, we said that this is a defining moment for our young nation. We also said that it is through our actions now that we will determine our destiny."

"At the same time, we must restore the National Development Plan to its place at the centre of our national effort, to make it alive, to make it part of the lived experience of the South African people.

All our programmes and policies across all departments and agencies will be directed in pursuit of these overarching tasks.

"As we enter this new administration, we will focus on seven priorities:


- Economic transformation and job creation

- Education, skills and health

- Consolidating the social wage through reliable and quality basic services

- Spatial integration, human settlements and local government

- Social cohesion and safe communities

- A capable, ethical and developmental state

- A better Africa and World"

"In an economy that is not growing, at a time when public finances are limited, we will not be able to do everything at one time."

"Now is the time to focus on implementation. It is time to make choices. Some of these choices may be difficult and some may not please everyone.

It is worth noting that the Medium-Term Strategic Framework for the last five years had more than 1,100 indicators by which we were to measure progress in the implementation of the NDP.

"We need to focus on those actions that will have the greatest impact, actions that will catalyse faster movement forward, both in the immediate term and over the next 10 years.

"Unless we take extraordinary measures, we will not realise Vision 2030. This means that we need to prioritise."


"It was to address these fundamental challenges that we adopted the National Development Plan in 2012 to guide our national effort to defeat poverty, unemployment and inequality.


However, with 10 years to go before we reach the year 2030, we have not made nearly enough progress in meeting the NDP targets.

"We have heard the voices of the young people who marched to the Union Buildings last week urging us to take action to protect our planet.

"The extreme weather conditions associated with the warming of the atmosphere threaten our economy, they threaten the lives and the livelihoods of our people, and – unless we act now – will threaten our very existence."

"Together with all the nations of the world, we are confronted by the most devastating changes in global climate in human history."

"At the same time, we are having to contend with rapid technological change that is ushering in a new world of work, that is reshaping the global economy and that is redefining social relations."

"The persistent legacy of apartheid has left our country with extreme structural problems – both economic and social."

Ramaphosa says the cries of South Africans have been heard.

"Our economy is not growing at the level we want it to grow... Not enough jobs are being created in our country," Ramaphosa says. He says this affects all of us.

Ramaphosa says much has been done to deliver the people of SA's needs over the last 25 years.

This gathering is exactly 106 years to the day the 1913 Land Act was implemented. Ramaphosa says this was a very painful and humiliating time in SA's history. He reads the words of author Sol Plaaitjie at the time.

Modise now calls on the president to address the nation.

The Imbongi recites praises in an indigenous Khoisan language.

The 21 gun salute and national anthem now on.

Former President Kgalema Motlanthe and Thabo Mbeki in the gallery. Former President Jacob Zuma is not here.

Deputy President David Mabuza and his wife have arrived.

The president's convoy has been spotted on its way.

Members of the South African National Defence Force observing a military guard outside. President Ramaphosa expected soon.

All MPs, except the EFF, are now inside the chambers.

Chief Justice Mogoeng Mogoeng has just arrived.

Around 1,200 guests are expected tonight. Former President Jacob Zuma won;t be one of them, however.

MPs are now walking into the National Assembly.

Minister of Communications, Stella Ndabeni-Abrahams says there's nothing to worry about at the SABC.

Aunty Pat gives her department a pat on the back...

Former North West Premier (now ANC MP) Supra Mahumapelo and his colleague Kebby Maphatsoe

Introducing your Imbongi for tonight...

The Trolley Dollies (Holly, Cathy and Molly) are here. They’re guests of the DA.

Cope MP Mosioua Lekota says he has mixed feelings about the speech given the state of the economy.

The DA says Ramaphosa should announce a moratorium on bailouts to SAA

The Imbongi will definitely be present at Sona 2019. This after it was announced that there wouldn't be one as part of cost-cutting measures.

The DA’s Natasha Mazzone gives her take on what President Cyril Ramaphosa should focus on in his Address.

As President Cyril Ramaphosa put in the final finishing touches to his third State of the Nation Address (Sona) in Parliament on Thursday evening, the economy, job creation, and the management of the country’s key state-owned enterprises (SOEs) were expected to feature prominently in his speech to the nation.

President Cyril Ramaphosa delivers his third State of the Nation Address from Parliament, Cape Town. This comes over a month after the 8 May general elections.