Sudan's Omar al-Bashir: key dates

Sudan's deposed dictator Omar al-Bashir is to be handed over to the International Criminal Court (ICC) over war crimes in Darfur.

FILE: Sudan's former President Omar al-Bashir on 14 March 2019. Picture: AFP.

KHARTOUM, Sudan - Key dates in the life of Sudan's deposed dictator Omar al-Bashir, who is to be handed over to the International Criminal Court (ICC) over war crimes in Darfur.

  • January 1, 1944: Born to a farming family in the village of Hosh Bannaga, north of Khartoum.

  • 1973: A soldier from a young age, Bashir fights alongside the Egyptian army in the Arab-Israeli Yom Kippur war.

  • June 30, 1989: As brigade commander, seizes power in an Islamist-backed coup against the democratically elected government.

  • 2003: Sends troops and militia to crush a rebellion in the western region of Darfur. The conflict claims more than 300,000 lives, according to the United Nations.

  • 2009: The ICC issues a warrant for his arrest for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. The following year it issues a warrant over alleged genocide. He denies the charges.

  • 2010: Elected president in the first multiparty vote since he took power, boycotted by the opposition. Re-elected in 2015.

  • 2011: South Sudan wins independence from Khartoum, which loses three quarters of its oil reserves.

  • 2013: Deadly demonstrations against Bashir's government erupt after a petrol price hike.

  • April 11, 2019: After four months of protests demanding that he quit, Bashir is ousted by the military and detained.

  • December 14, 2019: Convicted of graft and ordered to serve two years in a correctional centre. Sudan also begins a probe into him for crimes in Darfur.

  • July 21, 2020: Goes on trial for his role in the 1989 coup that brought him to power.

  • August 11, 2021: Sudan says it will hand Bashir over to the ICC to face trial over Darfur.

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