Nigerian troops suffer heavy losses in drawn-out battles with jihadists

The town of Mainok, about 50 kilometres from Maiduguri, has been repeatedly targeted by the jihadists who have waged a decade-long jihadist insurgency in the region, killing 36,000 people and displacing around two million from their homes.

Security personnel stand at a female hostel at the Greenfield University in Kaduna, Nigeria, on 21 April 2021 after gunmen attacked the private university and kidnapped a number of students. Picture: NASU BORI/AFP

KANO - At least 31 Nigerian soldiers were killed when jihadists ambushed a military convoy escorting weapons and overran a base in northeast Nigeria's Borno state at the weekend, two military officers said on Monday.

The army later issued an official statement confirming there had been hours of intense battles on Sunday that also saw warplanes deployed but that its forces had suffered a lower toll of six soldiers and one officer killed.

Fighters from the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) attacked the convoy with rocket-propelled grenades on Sunday in the town of Mainok outside the regional capital Maiduguri before storming the nearby base, two military officers told AFP on condition of anonymity.

"We lost 31 soldiers, including their commander who was a lieutenant colonel, in the ambush by the terrorists," one officer said about the attack which happened around 1100 GMT on Sunday.

The convoy was transporting weapons to Maiduguri when it came under attack, said a second officer who gave a similar toll.

"The terrorists came in several trucks, including four MRAPs (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected vehicles) and engaged the convoy in a fierce battle," the second officer said.

The militants overwhelmed soldiers, leading to the "colossal loss" of troops, he said.

"We lost a lot of men in very gruesome way."

The jihadists seized weapons and two MRAPs in the attack before overrunning and partially burning the base outside the town, the officers said.

Later Nigerian army spokesman Mohammed Yerima issued a statement saying troops deployed in Mainok "came under multi-directional attacks" by jihadists on foot as well as on trucks mounted with guns.

He said the firefight lasted "several hours" and that "scores" of fighters were killed while "a number of their gun trucks destroyed."

The Air Force deployed Alpha jets and helicopter gunships to the scene, he added.

Yerima said one officer and six soldiers died while five others were wounded but added: "Currently, troops are in full control of Mainok."

Mainok, about 50 kilometres from Maiduguri, has been repeatedly targeted by the jihadists who have waged a decade-long jihadist insurgency in the region, killing 36,000 people and displacing around two million from their homes.

ISWAP has frequently set up bogus checkpoints along the 120-km highway linking Maiduguri and Damaturu in neighbouring Yobe state on which Mainok lies, killing and abducting travellers.

ISWAP split from the mainstream Boko Haram faction in 2016 and rose to become a dominant force in the northeast as Nigeria's conflict has spilt over borders into neighbouring Chad, Niger and Cameroon.


Around 2,000 residents of Geidam in neighbouring Yobe state fled their homes after a separate attack by ISWAP who invaded the town Friday, local officials said.

On Sunday residents fled, crossing to the other side of the river to escape militants who have been in control since they attacked the town.

"Our people are fleeing Geidam which is now under the control of the insurgents," Ali Koko Kachalla, Geidam's political administrator, said.

Late on Friday ISWAP jihadists took control of Geidam after a gunfight with troops, looting and burning stores in the town.

At least 11 civilians were killed in the fight after a projectile hit two adjoining homes, killing all occupants, according to residents.

The exodus was prompted by targeted killings of residents by the insurgents, according to fleeing residents.

"Everybody is running away because the insurgents have started killing people who are Christians and those with western education," resident Babagana Kyari said.

"So far they have killed two Christians and two Muslim school teachers. They went to their homes and slaughtered them," said another resident Ari Sanda.

The army issued a statement on Saturday, claiming to have taken back Geidam from the jihadists. But residents and local officials said militants were still around.

Since 2019, soldiers have closed up some smaller bases and moved into larger fortified garrisons known as "super camps" in an attempt to better resist militant attacks.

But critics say the "super camp" strategy has also allowed militants more freedom in rural areas and left travellers more vulnerable to kidnapping.


Meanwhile, two more students were killed after being kidnapped with others last week by gunmen in northwest Nigeria, local authorities said on Monday, bringing the death toll from the attack to six.

The killings in Kaduna state by criminals known locally as "bandits" mark an escalation in the mass kidnappings of students that plague northwest and central Nigeria.

"Security agencies have just reported to the Kaduna State Government the recovery of two more dead bodies of Greenfield University students, killed by armed bandits," state commissioner Samuel Aruwan said Monday.

Gunmen attacked the private Greenfield University last Tuesday in what was the fifth known attack on a school or college since December.

A member of the school staff was killed during the assault and the bodies of three students were later discovered in a nearby village.

Two university staff told AFP that 20 students along with three non-academic staff had been kidnapped but state officials could not confirm those numbers, saying only that "an unspecified number" were taken.

President Muhammadu Buhari condemned the killings on Saturday in a statement.

"Banditry, kidnapping and the politics of murders will be fought with all the resources available to our country," Buhari said, describing the recurring incidents of kidnappings and killings as "barbaric terror attacks."

Kidnappers have ramped up attacks in recent months hoping to squeeze officials for ransom payments.

But local authorities have vowed not to pay them.

"We will not give them any money and they will not make any profit from Kaduna," governor Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai told local media earlier this month.

Schools targeted in Nigeria are usually in remote areas where students stay in dormitories with only watchmen for security, making them easier targets.

Recent mass kidnappings have prompted six northern states to shut public schools to prevent further attacks.

Since December 2020, around 730 students have been abducted, disrupting the studies of more than five million children, UN agency UNICEF said.

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