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#JoburgTurns130: Fast facts about the City of Gold

Find out what makes Johannesburg an industrial powerhouse.

The Johannesburg skyline. Picture: Aki Anastasiou/EWN

JOHANNESBURG - One of Africa's largest cities celebrates 130 years since its establishment today.

The city was founded in the heydays of one of the world's biggest and richest gold rushes earning it the name Egoli, or City of Gold.

Its growing development over the years has made it an economic powerhouse with a plethora of culture, leisure, sporting fashion and lifestyle activities.

To mark the occasion, the City of Jo'burg has shared 10 fun facts about the City of Gold.

FAST FACTS ABOUT JOHANNESBURG

  • The greater Jo'burg metropolis covers an area of 2,300 square kilometres, making it larger than Sydney, London and New York and similar in size to Los Angeles.

  • Johannesburg is home to 4.6 million people, the majority of whom are aged between 19 and 39.

  • Founded 130 years ago in 1886, Jo'burg is one of the world's youngest major cities and the only one not founded on a major waterway (bay or large river).

  • During this time, it has been rebuilt four times starting out as a tented mining camp, it evolved into a town of tin shanties, followed by four-storey Edwardian brick buildings and then a city of modern skyscrapers.

  • South Africa's only stock exchange, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange (JSE), rates as one of the top 20 top exchanges in the world in market capitalisation.

  • There are 10 million trees in Jo'burg, making it the world's largest man-made, urban forest.

  • Johannesburg has approximately 150 heritage sites, half of which are national monuments.

  • An amazing 40 percent of all the world's human ancestor fossils have been found in areas close to Jo'burg.

  • Because it is situated at an elevation of 1,753 m (5,751 ft) the air is not as dense so this means it takes a minute long longer to boil an egg.

  • Apparently, this is good for golfers because they can hit their balls further in Jo'burg. (About 36 of the best golf courses in SA are situated in and around Jo'burg).

  • No one is 100 percent sure who Jo'burg is named after.

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