'South Africans must be more active citizens'

Panelists at the Kingsmead Book Fair discussed several issues & called on citizens to put pressure on govt.

UCT students hold up posters during a protest against rape and sexual abuse on campus on 11 May 2016. Picture: Thomas Holder/EWN"

JOHANNESBURG - University vice-chancellors have called on citizens to put more pressure on government and to hold them accountable for their actions, in order to protect education in the country.

Panelists at the Kingsmead Book Fair discussed the unrest at tertiary institutions, along with the necessary solutions.

This year's fair saw a plethora of conversations taking place.

WATCH: State capture, protests among hot topics at Kingsmead Book Fair

One of the first discussions was under the theme 'universities might fall', where Wits vice-chancellor Adam Habib says the country's political leadership is failing tertiary institutions.

At the same time, vice chancellors and book authors discussed rape culture in South Africa.

Authors say the phenomenon requires activism from all members of society, who have all in one way or another been affected by sexual abuse

Author Pumla Gqola says dealing with rape culture can no longer only rely solely on NGOs and campaigns, but requires everyday activism.

"We need to admit that there is something all of us can fundamentally change in our daily responses to the issue."

She says part of ending rape culture requires rethinking how the dialogue takes place. The panelists have looked at solutions to end the cycle of sexual abuse.

Other topics of the day included discussions around state capture and transformation in sport.

WATCH: Inside SA's 'Rape Culture'