Home Affairs urges greater cooperation over Syrian refugee crisis

Deputy Minister Fatima Chohan says South Africa can relate to what Europe is experiencing.

Stranded passengers wait at the Calais-Frethun train station in northern France to cross to the United Kingdom in the early hours of September 2, 2015. Hundreds of passengers were left stranded in dark, stifling Eurostar trains in the early hours after several suspected migrants climbed onto the tracks near the French port of Calais. Picture: AFP

PRETORIA - Deputy Home Affairs Minister Fatima Chohan has urged greater co-operation between European countries to better manage the Syrian refugee crisis.

The minister was speaking at an Operation Fiela briefing in Pretoria on Monday.

Tens of thousands of refugees have flocked to the Europe to escape war but this has left many countries overwhelmed ad seemingly unable to manage the influx of people.

And Chohan says South Africa can relate to what Europe is experiencing.

"South Africa has got one of the most liberal refugee laws. Given our relative stability and economic development, we've attracted a fair number of asylum seekers."

She says co-operation between countries is very important and countries should seek ways to tackle this problem.

"What would help is if countries did have certain uniform standards and laws that would not necessarily mean that some countries have a bigger burden than others."

Chohan says it's important for all countries to comply with their humanitarian obligations.


Struggling to cope with record numbers of asylum seekers, Germany told its European partners on Monday they too must take in more refugees, as police in Hungary used pepper spray on desperate migrants who broke out of a reception centre at the border.

Chancellor Angela Merkel, speaking after a weekend in which 20,000 migrants entered Germany from Hungary by train, bus and on foot, described the influx as "breathtaking" and tried to reassure German citizens that the crisis was manageable.

"I am happy that Germany has become a country that many people outside of Germany now associate with hope," she said at a news conference in Berlin.

But she and her vice chancellor, Sigmar Gabriel, coupled their message of optimism with a warning to European Union partners who have resisted a push from Berlin, Paris and Brussels to agree quotas for refugees flowing in mainly from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.

"What isn't acceptable in my view is that some people are saying this has nothing to do with them," Merkel said. "This won't work in the long run. There will be consequences although we don't want that."

Gabriel said that if countries in eastern Europe and elsewhere continued to resist accepting their fair share of refugees, the bloc's open border regime, known as Schengen, would be at risk.

"This would be a dramatic political blow for Europe, but also a heavy economic blow, also for those countries that are saying they don't want to help now," he said.

At Roszke, on Hungary's border with Serbia, around 300 migrants broke through a cordon around a reception camp and set off down the wrong side of the motorway towards the capital Budapest, Reuters witnesses said.

Police were unable to prevent their escape despite using pepper spray as migrants scuffled with officers.

Only months after Europe narrowly averted a Greek exit from the euro zone, the refugee crisis has emerged as the bloc's biggest challenge.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker is due to unveil new proposals on Wednesday on how to distribute refugees among member states.

An EU source told Reuters that under his plan, Germany would take on more than 40,000 and France 30,000 of the 160,000 asylum seekers the Commission says need to be relocated from Italy, Greece and Hungary, the main entry points to the EU for refugees arriving by sea and land.


Rich and welcoming Germany has become the preferred destination for most migrants.

Other countries have resisted taking in refugees, with Poland arguing that it is already burdened by an influx of people from Ukraine, and Slovakia saying it preferred to accept Christians.

Officials in Bavaria, the southern German state that has become the entry point for migrants arriving from Hungary via Austria, said about 4,400 had arrived in Munich on Monday. Another 1,500 were on trains heading on to cities elsewhere in Germany.

German and Austrian officials appear to have been caught off guard by the numbers.

"It has now reached a volume that is already considerable," Christoph Hillenbrand, president of the government of Upper Bavaria, told reporters at Munich train station.

He said buses that could take 1,000 people north to cities like Dortmund, Hamburg, Braunschweig and Kiel had been made available, but that migrants had also been streaming out of temporary accommodation facilities on foot.

At Munich's international trade fair grounds, three halls have been given over to the effort, with more than 2,000 camp beds and a dining hall with hot food.

The few rucksacks and plastic bags the travellers had arrived with were scattered between the beds. Some children kicked a football around outside.

"For the families it's too hard. For the single guys I think it's good to come. If somebody has some money or a passport for a visa, it's better," said Hassan Halabi from Aleppo in Syria, who hopes to go to Konstanz on the Swiss border.

Merkel's welcome to migrants has been praised by human rights groups. But there were signs of dissent within her conservative camp, with officials from the Bavarian Christian Social Union (CSU), sister party of her Christian Democrats, criticising her handling of the crisis.

"There is no society that could cope with something like this," CSU leader and Bavarian premier Horst Seehofer said. "The federal government needs a plan here."

While many Germans have welcomed the refugees, there have also been attacks on shelters, including two early on Monday.

Leading members of Merkel's governing coalition have agreed to find six billion euros to pay for the influx.

They also agreed to speed up asylum decisions, reduce cash benefits for first arrivals, and to widen the list of countries deemed "safe," meaning their citizens generally have no claim to asylum, to include all Balkan states.

"We should not pretend that this is a small task," Gabriel said. "We need to be realistic. We can take on 800,000 asylum seekers this year, find homes for them and help them integrate. But it should also be clear to everyone that this can't continue every year. We need a new European asylum policy."

Additional information by Reuters