Herders enslaved by militia in CAR freed by UN

The herders, from the Fulani ethnic group, were captured about a year ago near the town of Yaloke.

FILE: A truck carrying Muslims who fled Bangui is escorted by the French Sangaris Operation troops (not seen) in Grimari in the Central African Republic on 20 April, 2014. Picture: AFP.

BANGUI - UN peacekeepers have liberated some 21 nomadic Muslim herders, most of them women and children, enslaved by militia groups in the west of Central African Republic, though up to 100 more remain in captivity, a UN official said on Sunday.

The herders, from the Fulani ethnic group, were captured about a year ago near the town of Yaloke during religious violence unleashed after Muslim Seleka rebels seized power in the majority Christian country in 2013, provoking a backlash from local militia groups.

A spokeswoman for the UN refugees agency (UNHCR) said the two men, six women and 13 children had been freed after negotiations involving the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) and local authorities.

"Three of the six women were raped and are in a state of shock, totally traumatised," said Dalia Alachi, spokeswoman for UNHCR.

"They spoke to us about torture, gang rape, forced labour. These people are now receiving medical treatment and psycho-social support," she said.

Based on information from local surveillance committees, UNHCR estimates that roughly 100 people remain in captivity in the same region.

The liberated people were transferred to Yaloke, some 300 km northwest of the capital Bangui, where an enclave of more than 400 Fulani exists under UN protection.

The Fulani in Yaloke had sought shelter more than a year ago after they were hunted through the bush by the 'anti-balaka' Christian militia, which killed more than 50 of the herders and stole their cattle.

Despite an improving situation in some towns of Central African Republic, Alachi said simmering violence persisted in rural areas, with most of the abuses going undocumented