The lowdown on the statue takedown

EWN looks at the statues that have made headlines in recent weeks.

The Louis Botha statue outside of Parliament in Cape Town was defaced with red and purple paint in the early hours of 9 April. Picture: Thomas Holder/EWN

CAPE TOWN - Debate about apartheid and colonial-era statues and their relevance in modern society intensified when the first poo and paint flung by protesting University of Cape Town (UCT) students hit the stone bust of Cecil John Rhodes.

Student activist Chumani Maxwele began the #RhodesMustFall movement at UCT and debate quickly spread, resulting in the targeting of a number of statues.

Eyewitness News has compiled a list of the statues that have been defaced.

*Click on the pins of this interactive map to see some of the statues in the news.

The statues that have been defaced or are on their way out appear with a red border.

Cecil John Rhodes at UCT

The Rhodes Must Fall movement started out modestly but gained momentum as more students joined in on the activism and staged protest action on campus.

It even went as far as students occupying the Bremner Building for their voices to be heard.

As the happenings on UCT grabbed the attention of news outlets everywhere, university authorities were forced to enter into discussions with students around transformation and the eventual removal of the Rhodes statue.

The issue came to a resolution on Thursday when the sculpture was lifted away by a crane to be preserved in a museum.

The statue of Cecil John Rhodes being removed from the University of Cape Town on 9 April 2015. Picture: Aletta Gardner/EWN.

King George VI at UKZN

The grandson of Queen Victoria ended up white faced when students used paint to prove their point.

The students also plastered pages on the statue portraying messages screaming for an end to "white privilege".

George's vandalism is thought to be a direct result of the activism that took place on UCT.

No arrests have yet been made.

Paul Kruger in Church Square, Pretoria

Members of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) joined in by splashing bright green paint on the statue of Paul Kruger.

Afrikaans entertainers Sunette Bridges and Steve Hofmeyr then staged their own protest for the protection of the Kruger statue.

Sunette Bridges chained to one of the Burghers statues in Pretoria on 8 April 2015. Picture: Ziyanda Ngcobo/EWN.

The Anglo-Boer war memorial statue and the Horse Memorial statue in PE

The EFF further defaced the Anglo-Boer memorial statue and the horse memorial statue.

The bronze statue of a kneeling soldier holding a bucket up for his horse to drink from was removed.

The bronze soldier was pulled off the base and discarded on the ground while the horse was allowed to remain standing.

Statue of Louis Botha outside Parliament

Louis Botha's statue was sprayed with red and blue on Thursday.

Authorities have since arrested two men, aged 28 and 31, who were charged with malicious damage to property.

The Louis Botha statue outside Parliament in Cape Town was defaced with red and purple paint in the early hours of 9 April. Picture: Thomas Holder/EWN.

Queen Victoria in Port Elizabeth

The statue of the queen was smeared with green paint and the Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality is currently conducting an investigation into the matter.

The statue of Queen Victoria was vandalised in Pretoria on 10 April 2015. Picture: Gerida via Twitter.

Martinus Wessels Pretorius in Tshwane

A statue of former republic president Martinus Wessels Pretorius was also vandalised in front of the Tshwane City Hall.

The statue was painted with dark red paint. Police have made no arrests and no-one has yet come forward claiming responsibility for the vandalism.

Martinus Wessel Pretorius statue has been vandalised. Picture: Mia Lindeque/EWN

Andrew Murray in Wellington

The statue of reverend and author Andrew Murray, which stands on the grounds of the Wellington Dutch Reformed Church, was smeared with red paint.

No arrests have yet been made and the incident is under investigation.

Mahatma Gandhi in Johannesburg CBD

Police have confirmed a statue of Indian leader and philosopher Mahatma Gandhi was defaced in Johannesburg at the weekend.

The statue and a commemorative plaque were smeared with white paint.

Police have arrested one person in connection with the vandalism and he will appear before the Johannesburg Magistrates Court on Tuesday.

The Gandhi statue in Gandhi Square in Johannesburg Central. Picture: