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Syrian peace talks reach an impasse

The Syrian government delegation has resisted efforts to discuss a transition of power.

The Syrian peace talks mediator said US and Russia had promised renewed support to keep their rival Syrian allies talking. Picture: AFP.

GENEVA - Warning that "failure" was staring him in the face, the Syria peace talks mediator said on Thursday that the United States and Russia had promised renewed support to keep their rival Syrian allies talking.

UN diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi met senior diplomats from Washington and Moscow in Geneva, hoping the co-sponsors of the three-week-old negotiating process could bury their own deep differences over Syria and prevail respectively on the opposition and government to move ahead and compromise.

"They have kindly reaffirmed their support for what we are trying to do and promised that they will help both here and in their capitals and elsewhere to unblock the situation for us, because until now we are not making much progress in this process," Brahimi told a news conference.

Asked after his two-hour meeting with US under Secretary of State Wendy Sherman and Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov whether the whole process had failed, he said:

"Failure is always staring at us in the face.

"As far as the United Nations is concerned we will certainly not leave one stone unturned if there is a possibility to move forward. If there isn't, we will say so."

A US official said: "The hard work of this diplomacy continues and the United States will continue to support this work." Russian officials were not immediately available.

However, a senior member of Syria's main opposition group quoted Sherman as saying that the talks with Brahimi and Gatilov had not gone well. "She just told us about the meeting with the Russians and Brahimi and it was not successful," Badr Jamous, secretary general of the National Coalition, told reporters after meeting Sherman.

STANDOFF

A new standoff between Russia and the West in the Security Council, over resolutions on aid for Syria, has contributed to the deadlock in Geneva, while continuing fighting has left tens of thousands under siege and hoping for relief from abroad.

Russia said it had presented a draft UN resolution on fighting terrorism in Syria and its own plan for improving aid access, throwing down a challenge to Western states in the Council which proposed another formulation that Moscow says would open the way for Western military intervention.

In Geneva, where the second round of peace talks has made little progress since Monday, Western diplomats and the Syrian opposition delegates have complained that President Bashar al-Assad's government was refusing to discuss proposals for a transition of power and hoped Russia would press it to do so.

Brahimi will meet the two Syrian delegations separately for a further round of talks on Friday morning, the United Nations said.

On Thursday, activists said government forces dropped crude barrel bombs from the air on rebel-held areas around Damascus and Aleppo, as well as the town of al-Zara near Homs. There were clashes in Hama province near a highway that rebels have been trying to block to cut the government's supply lines.

Russia has been Assad's most powerful international ally during the three-year-old conflict, using its veto in the Security Council to block bids to pressure him with condemnation or the threat of sanctions.

US President Barack Obama criticised Russian attitudes to the latest UN efforts to provide aid. The Russian Foreign Ministry hit back on Wednesday, calling that a distortion.

Moscow's new push for a resolution condemning acts of terrorism is in tune with rhetoric from Damascus, which uses the term to describe all those fighting to oust Assad in the conflict that has killed more than 130,000 people.

The Syrian government delegation has resisted efforts to discuss a transition of power in Geneva this week, saying fighting terrorism must be addressed first.

EATING CAT

In Homs, a key battleground, the evacuation of hungry civilians and rebel fighters from the besieged old city was continuing for a seventh day and a ceasefire was extended until Saturday evening, the governor said.

In all, 1,400 people had been evacuated since Friday, when a UN-brokered ceasefire came into force, the only practical achievement of the Geneva process begun on 22 January.

A US State Department spokesman said on Wednesday that the government had pledged to release men after screening.

Amnesty International urged the UN Security Council to overcome its differences and act to help the up to a quarter of a million Syrian civilians stuck under siege.