South Sudan reclaims key town from rebels

A rebel spokesman in Addis Ababa said his fighters made a tactical withdrawal from Bor.

A group of South Sudanese soldiers gather near a truck as they patrol the streets of Juba on 2 January, 2014. Picture: AFP.

JUBA - South Sudanese government forces said they seized the flashpoint town of Bor back from rebels on Saturday and Uganda's army claimed credit for the operation, highlighting the depth of its involvement in the conflict.

A rebel spokesman in Addis Ababa, where talks aimed at securing a ceasefire have been grinding on, told Reuters his fighters had made a "tactical withdrawal" from Bor, which has been heavily fought over since the conflict erupted in mid-December.

The United Nations says thousands of people have been killed and more than half a million driven from their homes in the fighting in the world's newest nation.

It has pitted troops loyal to President Salva Kiir against rebels backing Riek Machar, who was sacked as vice president in July.

"The SPLA has defeated more than 15,000 forces of Riek Machar," Philip Aguer, spokesman for the government SPLA forces, told reporters in the capital Juba.

Lul Ruai Koang, military spokesman of Machar's delegation at the talks in the Ethiopian capital, told Reuters the rebels had pulled out voluntarily on Friday.

Initially triggered by a political row, battle lines have increasingly followed ethnic lines with Kiir's Dinka battling Machar's Nuer. Bor was the scene of a massacre of Dinka by Nuer troops loyal to Machar, during an earlier conflict in 1991.

Uganda, which for years backed the SPLA in its conflict against Sudan's government before the south declared independence in 2011, has sent its troops to support Kiir. A spokesman said the Ugandan People's Defence Force was behind the success at Bor, the capital of restive Jonglei state.

Uganda deployed its troops to South Sudan shortly after the fighting began. At first, Uganda said it troops were there to help stranded Ugandans and protect key facilities. But it has since declared its role in combat.

Uganda's involvement has raised worries of a broader conflict that draws other regional players into South Sudan, an oil-producing nation but one of the poorest in Africa.

Ethiopia, one of South Sudan's neighbours, has voiced its concerns about Uganda's role.

Machar and rebel officials have demanded Ugandan forces withdraw before they agree a ceasefire at the talks in Addis Ababa that are sponsored by the regional African body IGAD.

UN Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights Ivan Simonovic said on Friday the fighting had "now reached the threshold of an internal armed conflict", a status that could lead to prosecutions for war crimes where deemed appropriate.

Simonovic, speaking after a four-day trip to South Sudan, said "mass atrocities" had been committed by both sides. New York-based Human Rights Watch has also reported crimes against civilians, such as targeted attacks based on ethnicity.