The Africa Report: 21 November

EWN’s Africa Correspondent Jean-Jacques Cornish reports on the day’s top African news

The third Afro-Arab Summit has concluded, failing to deliver on a common market but having dealt in-depth with terrorism.

KUWAIT SUMMIT: HEAVY ON TERRORISM

The third Afro-Arab Summit has concluded, failing to deliver on a common market, but having dealt in-depth with terrorism.

On Wednesday, the summit in Kuwait concluded with the issuing of the "Kuwait Declaration".

Herein it was agreed that there would be commitment by both blocs for peace, stability, and counter-terrorism.

It was said that the terror organisation Hezbollah was too easily finding shelter in African nations.

The declaration also detailed that the payment of ransom to terrorists or pirates would be criminalised and must be stopped with immediate effect.

The summit saw the offering of $2 billion on behalf of His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa to African nations.

Half of the amount would be in soft loans and the balance in investments.

The discussions on a common market proved to be premature as sufficient measures had not been put into place.

It is likely that an agreement on the common market will take place at the fourth summit in 2016.

CAR BOMB IN SINAI KILLS 11

At least 11 soldiers have been killed after a car bomb hit their vehicle in the Sinai Peninsula.

On Thursday a suicide bomber rammed the car into one of two buses transporting off-duty soldiers in close proximity to the Israeli border.

11 soldiers died and 20 others were injured in the attack.

FRUIT BATS CARRY DEADLY VIRUS

Scientists have warned of deadly viruses being carried by fruit bats, threatening Africa.

According to a study conducted by the University of Cambridge and the Zoological Society of London's Institute of Zoology, a population of bats in Africa has been found carrying two deadly viruses.

One of the viruses is the Lagos Bat Virus which bears similarities with rabies.

The other is the Henipavirus which causes neurological and respiratory infections.

The fruit bats have killed mammals in Nigeria and horses in Australia.

It is feared that because fruit bats are often used for their meat, humans can contract the virus.

The viruses could also be transmitted through contact with contaminated urine and faeces.