Talks to destroy Syria's chemical weapons begin

USA, Britain, France, Russia and China have begun talks to eliminate Syria's chemical arsenal.

A handout image released by the Syrian opposition's Shaam News Network shows people inspecting bodies of children and adults laying on the ground as Syrian rebels claim they were killed in a toxic gas attack by pro-government forces in eastern Ghouta, on the outskirts of Damascus on August 21, 2013. Picture: AFP

UNITED NATIONS/MOSCOW - Diplomats from five key nations kicked off talks on Tuesday on a Western-drafted UN Security Council resolution to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons.

France and Russia clashed over Moscow's insistence that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's is innocent in a poison gas attack on civilians on 21 August.

The negotiations in New York among the American, British, French, Russian and Chinese diplomats focused on a draft resolution on Syria's chemical weapons arsenal to be put before the 15-nation UN Security Council.

The US-British-French draft is intended to support an American-Russian deal reached in Geneva last Saturday calling for Syria to account for its chemical weapons within a week and for the removal and destruction of the arsenal by mid-2014.

UN diplomats said it remained unclear when a vote on the resolution could take place.

The current draft leaves the door open to the use of force in the event of non-compliance by Syria, though diplomats said Russia would almost certainly demand such provisions be deleted.

Meanwhile, Israel, Syria's neighbour that has been warily eyeing a civil war that has killed 100,000 people since 2011, shifted from its non-committal public stance and said it wanted to see Assad toppled.

President Barack Obama, who had threatened US military strikes in response to the August attack, said even with the deal to get rid of Syria's chemical weapons, ultimately there must be a political transition in Syria in which Assad gives up power.

"Keep in mind that it's very hard to imagine that civil war dying down if, in fact, Assad is still in power," Obama told the US Spanish-language network Telemundo.

Obama said it remains his goal to "transition" Assad out of power in a way that protects religious minorities and ensures Islamist extremists are not gaining ground in Syria.

"But you know, we're going to take this one step at a time. The first step right now is to make sure we can deal with the chemical weapons issue," Obama said.

The meeting of diplomats from the five permanent, veto-wielding powers of the Security Council came a day after UN investigators confirmed the use of sarin nerve agent in the 21 August attack.

The United States, Britain and France said the report proved beyond any doubt that Assad's forces were responsible.

The UN report's findings triggered sharp disagreement at a meeting in Moscow of the top diplomats from Russia and France.

Russia has been Assad's most powerful backer during the civil war, delivering arms and - with China - blocking three UN resolutions meant to pressure Assad.

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said the report produced no proof that Assad's troops carried out the attack and that Russia still suspected rebel forces did it.

The report is believed to have killed more than 1,400 people.