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The Africa Report: 6 September

EWN’s Africa Correspondent Jean-Jacques Cornish reports on the day’s top African news.

M23 rebel soldiers keep guard during the inauguration of newly elected M23 Rebel political wing President, Bertrand Bisimwa in Bunagana on March 7, 2013. Picture: AFP/ISAAC KASAMANI

THE DRC AND RWANDA'S LEADERS MEET TO DISCUSS REBELS

In a rare face-to-face meeting, the Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC) President Joseph Kabila and Rwanda's President Paul Kagame met in Uganda on Thursday to discuss establishing peace in the eastern DRC with the M23 rebels.

Following the successful United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) -

which consisted of South African, Tanzanian, and Malawian troops - the Rwandan-backed M23 rebels were forced out of the eastern DRC city of Goma after 16 months of terror and conflict.

The rebels have since declared a ceasefire and have requested peace talks with the Rwandan and DRC leaders.

Whilst the DRC army remain combative, neighbouring Uganda is pushing for peace talks along with the rebels and Rwanda.

Uganda has provided the opportunity and place for the parties to meet, with Kagame and Kabila having started discussions in the capital city of Kampala.

The decision has been made that talks must commence within three days - by the end of the week - and must conclude within a fortnight.

GHANA DENIES THAT ITS OIL OPERATIONS ARE KILLING WHALES

A reported 16 whales have washed ashore in the area of Ghana's oil operations in the past four years but authorities have denied that the production of oil has anything to do with the deaths.

Ghana discovered oil in 2007. Soon after production began, dead whales started washing up ashore.

The West African nation now produces up to 110,000 barrels a day.

Since Monday, five whale carcases have washed up to the shore and environmental watchdogs, such as Friends of the Nation, argue that along with the whales, 18 different species of dolphins and small whales are affected by the oil operations.

Ghana's Environmental Protection Agency has denied that the oil operations have anything to do with it whilst oil companies operating in the affected areas have promised to moderate their activities as much as they can underwater, with seismic operations, and in regards to flying helicopters over the areas.

AFRICAN REBELS POACH IVORY TO BUY BETTER WEAPONS

As the demand for ivory increases worldwide, rebel groups in Africa have joined the illegal trade killing elephants in central Africa and selling their tusks for better weaponry.

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), led by Joseph Kony, is responsible for the murder of 100,000 people and the kidnapping of 100,000 children in the past 25 years.

Previously backed by Sudan, the LRA's funds have run dry and have now turned to poaching to source money to purchase weapons.

The LRA have found refuge in the Democratic Republic of Congo's Garamba and Virunga national parks.

United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki Moon, has expressed concern about the stability in central Africa, saying the poaching threatens peace and security.

Indicative of the increasing threat elephants are facing is the World Wildlife Fund's report that notes 30,000 were killed in 2012 alone, with Asia being the majority market.