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The Africa Report: 15 August

EWN’s Africa correspondent Jean-Jacques Cornish reports on the day’s top African news

A morgue in Egypt was too full for the many killed in the country's worsening violence, leaving them to put bodies outside. Picture: via Twitter @iFalasteen

EGYPT MOVES TOWARDS CIVIL WAR

Troubled Egypt has been in a State of Emergency since Thursday after the government-supported military unleashed a bloody assault on supporters of ousted leader, Mohamed Morsi, in and around Cairo, sparking global condemnation of the violence.

Authorities have reported the security crackdown has claimed the lives of 287 Egyptians, with the tally steadily increasing.

Condemnation of the violence are coming in from across the world, led by the European Union, the United States (US), who financially assisted the Egyptian army, the United Nations, the Arab world, and African Union member states.

The US released a statement on Thursday wherein Principal Deputy Secretary, Josh Earnest, states Washington has continuously "called on the Egyptian military and security forces to show restraint… just as [they] have urged protestors to demonstrate peacefully".

The statement goes on, stating the contradiction between Egypt's interim government's pledges of a path to lasting and stable democracy.

The violence swept the country, including Zagazig, Morsi's hometown.

There have been attacks at Christian churches as Christians are assumed to be in support of the military's actions, thus, anti-Morsi and anti-Muslim Brotherhood.

Supreme power, General el-Sissi, is giving the impression that he is trying to eliminate the Muslim Brotherhood as a political force.

The Brotherhood are saying that the counter-violence and protests are not about the Brotherhood itself but rather the survival and success of the Arab Spring, which they argue cannot work anywhere else in the world if it does not work in the Arab world's most populated region.

_

EGYPT GIVES AID TO FLOODED SUDAN

Meanwhile, Egypt has somehow found the time and resources to join the international aid to a flooded Sudan.

Five Egyptian military aircraft landed in the capital city of Khartoum to offer regional aid to the victims of the floods which has claimed the lives of many.

Since the 1 August, Sudan has and continues to experience the heaviest rainfall seen in a very long time and officials report more than 50 deaths and 84 000 displaced people.

Various parts of the country are being flooded and the Japanese and the United States have joined in.

_

MSF PULLS OUT OF SOMALIA

After 22 years, with the deployment of over 1500 staff, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) have announced the closure of its medical programmes in Somalia, citing the tolerance of violent attacks against their workers as the reason.

Within the years of service, MSF have lost 16 people.

Most recently, there was the murder of two MSF staff members in Somalia's capital city, Mogadishu.

Additionally, two Spanish doctors were violently abducted and held captive for 21 months.

MSF state the armed groups and civilian leaders are supporting, tolerating, and condoning the killing, assault and abduction of their workers and they cannot carry on like this.

In the press release by the MSF, the organisation's international president, Dr. Unni Karunakara, says, "these armed groups, and the civilian authorities who tolerate their actions, have sealed the fate of countless lives in Somalia. We are ending our programmes in Somalia because the situation in the country has created an untenable imbalance between the risks and compromises our staff must make, and our ability to provide assistance to the Somali people".

In some parts of the country, MSF were the only source of medical aid available to hundreds of thousands of Somali civilians.

The unfortunate yet necessary withdrawal of MSF serves as a blow to the Somali government's efforts to persuade Somalis and foreign donors that the security situation is improving.

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