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The Africa Report: 24 July

EWN’s Africa Correspondent Jean-Jacques Cornish reports on the day’s top African news

South Sudan leader Salva Kiir holds a press conference at the presidential palace in Juba on 8 January, 2011. Picture: AFP

DISSENT AND DIVISION HEIGHTENS IN SOUTH SUDAN

As the economic crisis in South Sudan worsens, President Salva Kiir has fired his entire cabinet, the deputy president and suspended the country's top negotiators, amid suspicions of dissent and division within the ruling party.

Since gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, the South Sudanese have faced an uphill battle against their former compatriots regarding the exportation of crude oil, with the latest being Sudan closing off its pipeline for the exportation.

Added to this is the prevalence of corruption and now a rumoured power struggle within the ruling party.

Kiir sacked Deputy President Riek Machar and chief negotiator with Sudan, Pagan Amum, in an apparent attempt to rid his ruling party of those in favour of a succession struggle.

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LEGAL LAND TENURE A THORN IN AFRICA'S SIDE

The World Bank has released a report detailing the challenges of land reform in Africa and the ways in which this is hampering African prosperity.

Africa houses nearly half of the world's useable uncultivated land whilst simultaneously having the highest poverty rate in the world.

Thus, the Word Bank argues that it is land reform, specifically poor land governance that remains an obstacle in Africa's path to sustainable economic growth.

The World Bank's suggested steps to solving the challenges include securing tenure rights for community land and individual plots, empowering local community authorities in order to better efficiency and transparency of land administration services, and encouraging policy reforms and proving training in order to develop capacity in land administration.

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AT LEAST NINE MORE KILLED IN CAIRO'S LATEST CLASHES

In the on-going violence in Egypt, at least nine more people have been killed on Tuesday in clashes between opponents and supporters of ousted leader Mohamed Morsi.

This brings the approximate death toll to 109 since the overthrow of Morsi by the Egyptian military on the 3rd of July.

According to Reuters, Morsi's backers, the Muslim Brotherhood, have refused to recognise the interim government and are holding daily protests which they claim are peaceful to begin with and then agitated by military-backed "thugs".