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The Africa Report: 12 June

EWN’s Africa Correspondent, Jean-Jacques Cornish, reports on the day’s top African news

South Sudan leader Salva Kiir has criticised the African Union for its failure to diffuse tensions between the two Sudanese nations. Picture: AFP

SOUTH SUDAN LEADER SWIPES AT AU

When gaining independence in 2011, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir Mayardit became head of Africa's youngest country.

Ever since independence, South Sudan has experienced recurring problems, one of which is with Sudan regarding oil production and exportation.

Following Sudan's recent threat to stop the flow of oil from South Sudan to its Port Sudan, Mayardit has taken a swipe at the African Union (AU) and its mediators, saying that they are not doing their job to stop the stand-off between the two countries.

He says that the AU should beef up the team and step in to solve the rising tensions between the two countries.

President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan announced that they would be blocking the flow of oil through Sudanese pipelines as a result of South Sudan's alleged support of rebel groups - who are opposed to the leadership of al-Bashir - infringing on Sudanese territory.

Mayardit says that he is yet to receive any formal notification support al-Bashir's threats but if the threat is carried out, both South Sudan and Sudan's economies will be severely affected.

_

WESTERN SAHARA TELLS UN CHIEF TO "SEE FOR HIMSELF"

Following the failure of a proposed addition of a human rights monitoring component to the United Nations (UN) resolution in the Western Sahara, pro-Sahrawi leader, Mohamed Abdelaziz, has called for the intervention of UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon.

Abdelaziz has been the president of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic since 1976.

Western Sahara, on the UN's list of non-self-governing territories since 1963, has been illegally occupied by Morocco since 1975.

A war erupted in 1975 between Sahrawi nationals, Morocco and former co-administrators of the region, Mauritania.

In 1991, ceasefire was agreed upon by the Western Sahara and Morocco, with the expectation that Morocco would hold a referendum to allow Sahrawi's to decide on self-determination.

Morocco has since denounced its agreement, leading to yet another deadlock in negotiations regarding Sahrawi self-determination.

Thus, Abdelaziz has asked that the UN Chief visit the region to bear witness to Moroccan oppression and hopefully encourage the next attempt at implementing a human rights monitoring component in the Western Sahara.

_

RWANDA TO BECOME AFRICA'S MOST WIRED COUNTRY

The man who commanded the rebel force that ended the 1994 Rwandan genocide may have significant allegations of human rights violations to his name, but he is indeed the African leader with the most digital vision.

On Monday, President Paul Kagame's government have struck a deal with South Korean telecoms provider, KT Corp, which will see 95% of Rwandans with internet connectivity within the next three years.

More than 3000 kilometres of fibre optic cable have been laid since 2009 but only approximately 8.5% of Rwandans currently have access to the internet.

KT Corp is to invest $140 million into the 4G deal that will undoubtedly see Rwanda on its way to a modernised, information-based economy.

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