World mourns Chavez

As Venezuela mourn the death of it's President, the rest of the world has sent their condolences.

Supporters of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez ligth candles while gathering in front of the Venezuelan embassy in Santiago, Chile on March 5, 2013, after knowing of his death. Picture: AFP/ CLAUDIO SANTANA

CARACAS - Venezuelans mourned the death of Hugo Chavez and prepared on Wednesday for his body to lie in state as attention turns to a new election to succeed the socialist leader after 14 years of tumultuous and divisive rule.

The 58-year-old president died on Tuesday after a two-year battle with cancer that was first detected in his pelvis. He had suffered multiple complications following his latest operation on 11 December and had not been seen in public since then.

The future of Chavez's self-styled leftist revolution, which won him passionate support from the poor but alienated opponents who called him a dictator, now rests on the shoulders of his preferred successor, Vice President Nicolas Maduro.

"In the immense pain of this historic tragedy that has affected our fatherland, we call on all the compatriots to be vigilant for peace, love, respect and tranquillity," Maduro said.

"We ask our people to channel this pain into peace."

Maduro, a 50-year-old former bus driver and union leader, will be the government's candidate at a new presidential election that is likely to pit him against opposition leader and state governor Henrique Capriles.

The authorities said a new vote would be called within 30 days, but it was not immediately clear if that meant the election would be held within 30 days - or whether the date for the ballot would be announced within 30 days.

Military commanders quickly pledged loyalty to Maduro, who becomes caretaker leader until the new election.

Much of Caracas was quiet overnight, with streets deserted especially in richer parts of the capital. Most shops locked their doors as the news spread, fearing looting.

Despite having weeks to come to terms with their leader's likely demise, Chavez supporters were wrought with grief.

"He was our father," said Nancy Jotiya, 56, sobbing in Caracas' central Plaza Bolivar. "He taught us to defend ourselves. Chavismo is not over! We are the people; we will fight!"

Hundreds of emotional "chavista" loyalists gathered outside the military hospital where the president spent his last two weeks. A female TV reporter from neighbouring Colombia was beaten up, and gunshots were fired in the air.

Messages of condolences for Chavez's death came from around the world, ranging from filmmaker Oliver Stone to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and US President Barack Obama.

Obama said his administration was interested in "developing a constructive relationship with the Venezuelan government."

Chavez easily won a new six-year term at an election in October and his death shocked millions of supporters who loved his folksy charisma, anti-U.S. diatribes and oil-financed projects to improve life for residents of long-neglected slums.

Critics, however, saw his one-man style, gleeful nationalizations and often harsh treatment of rivals as evidence he was a dictator whose misguided statist economics squandered a historic bonanza of oil revenues.