Civil war looms as dozens killed in Yemen capital

Dozens of Yemenis were killed in overnight gun battles in the capital, government officials said on...

Yemeni men and medica prepare the bodies of protesters who were killed during an anti-government demonstration in Sanaa March 18, 2011. Picture: AFP

Dozens of Yemenis were killed in overnight gun battles in the capital, government officials said on Thursday, as fighting aimed at ending President Ali Abdullah Saleh's 33-year-long rule threatened to ignite civil war.

The defence ministry said in an Internet posting that at least 28 people were killed in an explosion in an arms storage area of Sanaa.

Yemen's state prosecutor ordered the arrest of "rebellious" leaders of the tribal group led by the al-Ahmar family and the government official said the headquarters of an opposition television station had been "destroyed," without giving details.

Residents were fleeing Sanaa by the hundreds, hurriedly fastening possessions to the roofs of cars, hoping to escape the violence that has killed more than 40 people since Monday and threatened to spread into other areas of the capital Sanaa.

Sanaa airport reopened after a brief closure.

The United States and Saudi Arabia, both targets of foiled attacks by a wing of al Qaeda based in Yemen, have tried to defuse the crisis and avert any spread of anarchy that could give the global militant network more room to operate.

There are worries that Yemen, already teetering on the brink of financial ruin, could descend into a failed state that would undermine regional security and pose a serious risk to its neighbour Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest oil exporter.

The most recent clashes have been concentrated in a part of northern Sanaa where fighters loyal to powerful tribal leader Sadiq al-Ahmar have been trying to take over government buildings including the Interior Ministry.

Ahmar's mansion was damaged in the fighting and the sounds of explosions ripped through the city.

"We've heard everything, machinegun fire, RPGs (rocket-propelled grenades), but they have been using more than that, something stronger. They must be using cannons or rockets," Ahmar family spokesman Abdelqawy al-Qaisi said.

"The Ahmar sons are still in the house and moving around. Every once in a while there is a hit on the building or the buildings nearby," he told Reuters.

Government officials did not provide details on from which sides the dead and wounded came from the overnight fighting. Each side blamed the other for the violence, which the opposition said could spiral into a civil war.

U.S. DIPLOMATS LEAVE

The United States ordered all non-essential diplomats and embassy family members to leave the country.

"The security threat level in Yemen is extremely high due to terrorist activities and civil unrest. There is ongoing civil unrest throughout the country and large-scale protests in major cities," the State Department said.

The most recent round of fighting erupted a day after Saleh, who has ruled the country to 33 years, pulled out for the third time from a deal mediated by Gulf Arab neighbours for him to step down and make way for a national unity government.

Pressure has been mounting since February, when protesters inspired by democratic revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt began camping in squares and marching in their hundreds of thousands to call for Saleh to go. His attempts to stop the protests by force have resulted in hundreds of deaths.

U.S. President Barack Obama has called for Saleh to sign the deal but analysts said Washington has little leverage in Yemen even though it has sent about $300 million in aid to help prop up Saleh's government. "What options do we have to force a resolution? Almost zero," Barbara Bodine, a former U.S. ambassador to Yemen, told Reuters.

CITY AT WAR

Saleh said on Wednesday he would make no more concessions to those seeking his departure. But the capital of the country of 23 million has begun to feel like a city at war.

Fighters in civilian clothes roamed some districts on Wednesday and machinegun fire rang out sporadically.

Electricity was intermittent and many city centre streets were deserted in the afternoon, but for government checkpoints.

The area around the Ahmar compound resembled a ghost town after the dust settled from the latest firefight.

Long lines of cars snaked out of the city, bags piled high on their roofs, even as gunmen blocked entrances to prevent tribesmen from bringing in reinforcements, witnesses said.

"It's no longer possible to stay in Sanaa. The confrontations will reach all parts of the city," said Murad Abdullah as he left by car.

Witnesses and officials said supporters of Ahmar, head of the Hashed tribal federation to which Saleh's Sanhan tribe also belongs, controlled several ministry buildings near Ahmar's compound including the trade and tourism ministries, as well as the offices of the state news agency Saba.

Ahmar's fighters also attacked the main building of the Interior Ministry, whose courtyard came under fire from rocket-propelled grenades, witnesses said.

Saleh told a group of invited reporters including a_ Reuters_ correspondent on Wednesday that his government was "steadfast."

"We are bearing the shocks of what happened from the sons of al-Ahmar: the chaos and the attacks on state institutions, the press and the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Interior. This is a provocative act to drag us into a civil war"

"THIRSTY FOR BLOODSHED"

General Ali al-Mohsen, a regional army commander who has sided with protesters, called on the armed forces to defy the president. "Beware of following this madman who is thirsty for more bloodshed," he said.

Saleh said the deal remained on the table, despite his repeated failure to sign. "I am ready to sign within a national dialogue and a clear mechanism. If the mechanism is sound, we will sign the transition of power deal and we will give up power ... No more concessions after today," he said.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's spokesman, Martin Nesirky, said Ban was deeply troubled by the clashes in Sanaa and called for further peace efforts and an immediate end to the fighting, while Britain reiterated calls on Saleh to sign the exit deal.