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South Africa's divisive president: Zuma's many scandals

The 75-year-old’s resignation caps the end of a tumultuous decade in which he's survived several no-confidence votes in Parliament, a string of corruption allegations and street protests against his rule.

FILE: Jacob Zuma during the nominations process at the ANC's national conference on 17 December 2017. Picture: Sethembiso Zulu/EWN

JOHANNESBURG - Jacob Zuma resigned as South African president late on Wednesday, under pressure from allies of Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, who replaced him as leader of the ruling African National Congress (ANC) in December.

The 75-year-old’s resignation caps the end of a tumultuous decade in which Zuma has survived several no-confidence votes in Parliament, a string of corruption allegations and street protests against his rule.

Below are some of the main scandals involving Zuma. Some date from before he became president in 2009.

ARMS DEAL

Zuma is still fighting 783 counts of corruption over a R30 billion government arms deal arranged in the late 1990s when he was deputy president.

The charges were set aside in 2009, paving the way for Zuma to run for president, but were reinstated in 2016 by the Supreme Court.

RAPE ACCUSATION

While deputy president of the ANC, Zuma was charged with raping Fezekile “Khwezi” Kuzwayo, the HIV-positive daughter of a friend who had been imprisoned on Robben Island with Zuma during the apartheid era.

Zuma was acquitted in 2006 but was ridiculed after saying he had showered after sex to reduce the risk of contracting HIV.

FILE: Jacob Zuma (right) is congratulated by his attorney Michael Hulley as he is found not guilty of rape in the Johannesburg High Court on 8 May 2006. Picture: AFP.

FILE: Jacob Zuma (right) is congratulated by his attorney Michael Hulley as he is found not guilty of rape in the Johannesburg High Court on 8 May 2006. Picture: AFP.

NKANDLA UPGRADES

Soon after becoming president, it emerged that millions of dollars of public money had been spent on upgrades to Zuma’s Nkandla home, including a swimming pool that one minister justified as a fire-fighting resource.

Zuma weathered a no-confidence vote in parliament over the upgrades and paid back more than $500,000 after unsuccessfully trying to argue his case in the Constitutional Court.

The upgraded Nkandla homestead in KwaZulu-Natal, which allegedly cost more than R200 million to upgrade. Picture: City Press.

FILE: Jacob Zuma's upgraded Nkandla homestead in KwaZulu-Natal. Picture: City Press.

SONONO KHOZA

Zuma apologised to South Africans in 2010 after fathering a child out of wedlock with his friend Irvin Khoza’s daughter, Sonono Khoza.

Zuma, a polygamist, had promised the ANC’s leadership he would not engage in extramarital sex after the Khwezi episode.

‘CLEVER BLACKS’

Zuma caused controversy in 2012 for scolding black people “who become too clever” in an address to South Africa’s National House of Traditional Leaders, saying “they become the most eloquent in criticising themselves about their own traditions”.

Zuma, who received no formal schooling, has a loyal following in rural areas but has tended to receive less support in urban areas where education levels are higher.

WATERKLOOF LANDING

Zuma’s friends, the Gupta brothers, used the top-security Waterkloof air base to fly in 200 wedding guests from India for a family member’s wedding in 2013, sparking a public outcry.

The ANC called the landing reckless and a breach of national security.

FILE: Gupta family landing a privately chartered jet at the Waterkloof Air Force Base along with more than 200 wedding guests landing at the national key point to attend a lavish wedding, which was being held at the Sun City Resort in the North West province. Picture: Barry Bateman/EWN.

FILE: In May 2013 the Gupta family landed a privately chartered jet at the Waterkloof Air Force Base along with more than 200 wedding guests to attend a lavish family wedding at Sun City. Picture: Barry Bateman/EWN.

NENEGATE

Zuma fired Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene in December 2015, replacing him with unknown parliamentary backbencher Des van Rooyen. Zuma was forced to sack van Rooyen and re-appoint a previous finance minister, Pravin Gordhan, four days later after the rand currency collapsed.

FILE: Nhlanhla Nene pictured with Pravin Gordhan. Picture: GCIS.

FILE: Nhlanhla Nene and Pravin Gordhan. Picture: GCIS.

ELECTORAL DEBACLE

The ANC lost its grip on local government in three metropolitan areas in 2016, the ruling party’s worst election result since the end of white minority rule in 1994. Unemployment, economic stagnation and scandals around Zuma were among reasons the ANC lost voter support.

'STATE CAPTURE'

In 2016, the Public Protector, South Africa’s main anti-corruption watchdog, published a report entitled “State of Capture” alleging the Guptas had tried to influence the appointment of cabinet ministers and were unlawfully awarded state tenders.

Central to the report was the claim by then-deputy finance minister Mcebisi Jonas that Zuma’s son Duduzane invited him to the Gupta family home where he was offered the job of finance minister and a bribe of R600 million.

The Guptas and Zuma have denied any wrongdoing. The Public Protector recommended a judicial enquiry be set up to investigate grand-level corruption involving Zuma and the Guptas.

MIDNIGHT RESHUFFLE

Zuma fired Gordhan as finance minister and Jonas as deputy finance minister in a midnight reshuffle in March 2017.

South African financial markets plummeted, with senior ANC officials expressing anger at the lack of consultation.

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